Conventionally, examinations are regarded as a method of analysis of pupils who’ve gone through one amount of education or yet another by the end of a expression, session or academic year.
But, among other worrisome developments which a is encountering in the united kingdom in these times, the incidence of examination malpractices in the Nigerian academic system is really a cardinal one that’s fast accepting a degree of national and international distress and harmful dimension. It is a damaging epidemic, which or even relieved soon, may destroy the nation’s all-important education sector.
Examination malpractices are often called wrongdoings before, all through or following examinations. And, without mincing phrases, these are having showing, bad consequences on the nation’s quality of training, just as many school leavers and graduates can no longer protect their certificates. As threatening as that endemic development may appear, urgent actions have to be followed for the cankerworm never to destroy the nation’s future completely before extended: it’s too critical to be neglected. And, this is actually, another cogent purpose Nigeria needs ethical renaissance and value regeneration in most facets of their national life.
How can one describe what an examination malpractice is? Based on Nwana (2000), examination malpractice is defined whilst the “massive and unprecedented punishment of principles and rules pertaining to inner and community examinations, beginning from the setting of such examinations through the getting of the examinations, their observing and grading, to the release of the results and the issuance of certificates.”
In the same vein, an academic has attempted still another information of this unbridled trend as “the act of omission or commission supposed to make a student move examination without counting definitely on his/her separate power or resources.”
Specific study conclusions, findings, instructive and knowledgeable submissions of educationalists, academics, and other top stakeholders in that special market of the nation’s economy, however, have indicated that there have been one type of examination malpractice or the other before since in the early 1970s when “mass cheating was first perpetrated in WAEC” (West African-american Examinations Council).
Possibly, this realisation jolted the examination human anatomy at the extra college level to study significantly, numerous manifestations and level of the retrogressive inclination. It supposedly, categorised different forms of examination malpractice as including taking in international resources to exam halls, unpredictable activities inside and outside examination halls, collusion, impersonation, loss, bulk cheating and insult/assault on supervisors during exams.
Other kinds of exam malpractices identified by WAEC include aid of candidates by invigilators to answer or have hint to difficult ideas, although some invigilators also go to the level of answering some areas of the issue for individuals, irrespective of other types as “giraffing, contraband, round, tremendous printing, escort, missiles, and pregnant biros.”
However, what has occurred to the emergency of the country’s education system from that time till this day? Regrettably, in the extended 21st Century, examination malpractices of various forms, types and manifestations, incontrovertibly, have worsened and develop into a national problem. The unbecoming tendency voraciously, continues to consume deep into the cultural cloth, from the comfort of primary schools to tertiary institutions of understanding across the Jamb expo. It’s no surprise then, that the Nigerian Union of Educators (NUT), of new, passionately requested the National Assembly to declare circumstances of emergency in the training sector to be able to consciously revamp the missing glory of the when flourishing industry.
While many stakeholders in the sector however, feel that the common malaise the knowledge segment is not merely perpetrated by the students alone, but in addition with the productive connivance of different stakeholders, including teachers, security agents, exam invigilators, models, supervisors, and such, examination malpractices have similarly been explained by some in the know of the pervasiveness of the disheartening trend as “traditional and institutionalised multibillion Naira organization”, where some depraved people, teams and institutions feed fat in the united states as of now.
But then, a essential problem any honest-minded Nigerians ought to question themselves only at that moment is: How did Nigeria get to this decadent state in their training market? Just like some important stakeholders and experts severally, have expressed sincere problems in regards to the frequent injury frequent exam malpractices are causing on the state, several factors have now been advanced with this unpleasant development.
Among different causes adduced for the astronomical escalation in exam malpractices in recent years are that using instances, “issues are not related to the syllabus”, and subsequently, examination malpractices are encouraged. It is also, been alleged that matter syllabuses are bombarded and burdensome for examination prospects, so they quite often find it too difficult to cope. But, are these tenable excuses for questionable individuals and their depraved collaborators to engage in exam irregularities? It’s merely indefensible for candidates to resort to examination irregularities. It’s believed that with identified, aware efforts at succeeding in any beneficial endeavour, including examinations, “wherever there is a will, there’s a way.”
Several students’increasing lack of seriousness and preparedness to battle their potential, as many think that many learners these days are “perhaps not prepared to understand “.For example, this has been observed that generally in most community schools specifically, students are noticed roaming the streets, while some observed with home video cassettes and compact disks (CDs/DVDs) and the others playing baseball throughout college hours.
Equally, in an eager effort at freezing parents financially, there has been recognized instances where exam stay issues are hurriedly solved by school managements in collusion with appointed examination writers, impersonators frequently in “private colleges’concepts’offices” to be able to please the parents to the detriment of their kids’ future prospect. And, these crucial school officers are expected to be position models, paragons of forthrightness, integrity, and reliability to these kiddies, aren’t they?
This has been established that anomaly is generally perpetrated simultaneously, as students write theirs in examination halls, and copies of such exam answers are made and distributed to their students for bulk copying, thereby turning their colleges in to sanctuaries of examination malpractices at worst. Studies claim examiners are, indeed, getting wiser in tracking such defects in examination solution programs in new times.